Drinking vessel preferences in older nursing home residents: optimal design and potential for increasing fluid intake

Bak, Aggie, Wilson, Jennie ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4713-9662, Tsiami, Amalia A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1122-4814 and Loveday, Heather ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2259-8149 (2018) Drinking vessel preferences in older nursing home residents: optimal design and potential for increasing fluid intake. British Journal of Nursing, 27 (22). pp. 1298-1304. ISSN 0966-0461

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Abstract

Background: Residents in nursing and residential care homes are at risk of dehydration due to both resident and institutional factors. Previous studies have focused on improving fluid intakes by concentrating on types of fluids offered and assisting residents to drink. Aim: To determine resident opinion of the optimal features of drinking vessels and evaluate the impact of improving vessel design on fluid consumption. Methods: Residents from two units (25 and 21 bed) in one nursing home evaluated a range of drinking vessels. Vessels with preferred features were introduced on a 25-bed unit. The effect was tested by observing residents’ fluid consumption during breakfast on three consecutive days and comparing to baseline intakes. Results: Vessels which received the highest ratings were lightweight, had large handles and held 200-300ml of fluid. Following the introduction of the new drinking vessels, mean fluid intakes at breakfast increased from 139ml (±84ml) to 205ml (±12ml, n=65), p= 0.003. Conclusion: Some drinking vessels used in nursing homes may be difficult for residents to handle. Making improvements to the design of drinking vessels has the potential to increase fluid intakes without increasing staff workload.
Key words: aged, assistive devices, dehydration, fluid intakes, nursing homes, older people

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in British Journal of Nursing, copyright © MA Healthcare, after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2018.27.22.1298.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Assistive devices, Fluid intake, Dehydration, Nursing homes, Older people, Aged care
Subjects: Medicine and health > Nutrition
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Amalia Tsiami
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2018 20:43
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2019 12:33
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/5683

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