Associations between social support provided and walkability among older adults: health self-consciousness as a moderator

Asiamah, Nestor, Lowry, Ruth, Khan, Hafiz T.A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1817-3730 and Awuviry-Newton, Kofi (2022) Associations between social support provided and walkability among older adults: health self-consciousness as a moderator. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 101. p. 104691. ISSN 0167-4943

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Abstract

Background
The social support provided or given to others play a key role in healthy ageing. Empirical and anecdotal evidence suggests that walkable neighbourhoods can positively influence social support given. Higher health self-consciousness may strengthen the positive association between walkability and social support provided.

Aim
This study investigated whether the association between walkability and social support provided is moderated by health self-consciousness.

Methods
A cross-sectional design with sensitivity analysis and recommended procedures against common methods bias was employed. The study's population was community-dwelling older adults living in Accra, Ghana. Data from 923 participants were analysed using the hierarchical linear regression analysis.

Findings
The study found a positive association between walkability and social support provided after adjusting for the ultimate confounding variables. Health self-consciousness positively moderated the association between walkability and social support provided.

Conclusion
The study concludes that social support provided in older adults may be higher in more walkable neighbourhoods. Health self-consciousness can enhance the contribution of walkability to social support provided. Our results reinforce the importance of campaigns aimed at improving walkability of neighbourhoods.

Item Type: Article
Identifier: 10.1016/j.archger.2022.104691
Keywords: Walkability, social support, physical activity, older adults, Africa
Subjects: Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health
Medicine and health > Person centered care
Medicine and health
Medicine and health > Nursing
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Hafiz T.A. Khan
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2022 06:47
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2022 10:22
URI: https://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/8878

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