Long term renal conditions

Williamson, Swapna Naskar and McManus, Breeda (2009) Long term renal conditions. In: Developing holistic care for long term conditions. Routledge.

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Book Chapter title: Long Term Renal Conditions
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a progressive, irreversible and long-term condition causing kidney damage. Kidney damage may be caused either by disease of the kidney itself such as, glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the nephron, the unit structure of the kidneys) or by diseases that affect multiple organs, such as in diabetes and hypertension. As kidney function deteriorates, the risk of complications increases, i.e. anaemia and renal bone disease. In the early stages, CKD can be almost undetectable; however, in some people it will progress to established renal failure (ERF), this is when the kidneys no longer function and the patient needs renal replacement therapy.
The chapter titled " Long Term Renal Conditions" presents the incidence of CKD that has become a major health concern worldwide. The identification of people with CKD and their management in its early stages by the primary health care team reducing the progression and consequences of CKD has been discussed . The need for effective collaboration between primary and secondary health services providing better care for those with ERF needing complex investigations by having access to a specialist renal team has been discussed. An integrated person centred care with emphasis on holistic approach to care involving physical, psychosocial and end of life care has been discussed and analysed.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: A coordinated and collaborative health care approach will be useful for integrating the care pathways for diabetes, cardiovascular disease and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in order to manage and minimise the impact of these interacting long-term conditions. This involves timely identification of those who are at high risk of developing CKD and appropriate treatment modalities including psychosocial aspects of care and end-of life care, which will help enhance the quality of life of patients with CKD.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease, acute renal failure, established renal failure, early detection,
Subjects: Medicine and health
Medicine and health > Nursing
Depositing User: Swapna Williamson
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2016 15:18
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2016 08:27
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/2793

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