Cyberbullying victimization in context: the role of countries and communities

Görzig, Anke, Milosevic, Tijana and Staksrud, Elisabeth (2016) Cyberbullying victimization in context: the role of countries and communities. In: Cyberbullying a Challenge for Researchers and Practitioners: Prevention and Intervention, 21-22 Apr 2016, Gothenburg, Sweden. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The phenomenon of cyberbullying is gaining ever more attention by media and policy makers in many countries. Theoretical frameworks using a socio-ecological approach emphasize the importance of explanatory factors located at the wider societal level. However, cross-national evidence suggests that individual level differences in cyberbullying are generally larger than the differences across countries. Hence, it has been suggested that analysis of smaller units of more adjacent cultures (i.e., communities) might yield more explanatory power.

Leaning on findings for traditional bullying, the current paper aims to identify contextual explanatory factors (e.g., crime rates, population density) for variation in cyberbullying victimization rates. Moreover, explanatory factors at the national and community levels are compared.

Cyberbullying victimization from the cross-national survey data of the EU Kids Online project was linked with contextual variables obtained from data of the European Social Survey (ESS). Contextual variables were obtained on the country level and, in order to reflect the wider community, levels 1 or 2 of the “European Union’s Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics” (NUTS). EU Kids Online and ESS data were linked on 24 countries and 203 NUTS regions.

Country and regional level correlations with cyberbullying victimization rates were conducted. Further, multilevel-modeling analyses with country and regional level contextual predictors of cyberbullying victimization on the individual level were performed. The amount of variation in cyberbullying explained by country, regional and individual levels was compared, illuminating the contribution of each level from a socio-ecological perspective. Implications for communities and policy makers are discussed.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Medicine and health > Mental health
Social sciences > Communication and culture
Psychology
Social sciences
Social sciences > Sociology of deviance
Depositing User: Anke Goerzig
Date Deposited: 17 May 2016 14:14
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2017 13:35
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/2087

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