Methicillin resistant staphylococci isolated from goats and their farm environments in Saudi Arabia genotypically linked to known human clinical isolates: a pilot study

El-Deeb, Wael, Cave, Rory, Fayez, Mahmoud, Alhumam, Naser, Quadri, Sayed, Mkrtchyan, Hermine and Zhang, Kunyan (2022) Methicillin resistant staphylococci isolated from goats and their farm environments in Saudi Arabia genotypically linked to known human clinical isolates: a pilot study. Microbiology Spectrum, 10 (4).

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El-Deeb,_Cave,_Fayez_et_al._2022_spectrum._Methicillin_resistant_staphylococci_isolated_from_goats_and_their_farm_environments_in_Saudi_Arabia_genotypically_linked_to_known_human_clinical_isolates.pdf - Published Version
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Abstract

We conducted a pilot whole genome sequencing (WGS) study to characterize the genotypes of nine methicillin resistant staphylococci (MRS) isolates recovered from goats and their farm environments in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia, between November 2019 to August 2020. Seven out of nine isolates were methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and two were methicillin resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE). All MRSA isolates possessed genotypes previously identified to infect humans, including isolates harboring ST6-SCCmec IV-t304 (n = 4), ST5-SCCmec VI- t688 (n = 2) and ST5-SCCmec V-t311 (n = 1). 2 MRSA isolates possessed plasmids that were genetically similar to those identified in S. aureus isolates recovered from humans and poultry. In contrast, plasmids found in three MRSA isolates and one MRSE isolate were genetically similar to those recovered from humans. All MRSA isolates harbored the host innate modulate genes sak and scn previously associated with human infections. The genotypes of MRSE isolates were determined as ST35, a well-known zoonotic sequence type and ST153, which has been associated with humans. However, the MRSE isolates were untypeable due to extra ccr complexes identified in their SCCmec elements. Moreover, we identified in ST153 isolate SCCmec element also harbored the Arginine Catabolic Mobile Element (ACME) IV. All MRS isolates were phenotypically resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, an antibiotic for the decolonization of MRS. Three isolates carried antibiotic resistance genes in their SCCmec elements that were not previously described, including those encoding fusidic acid resistance (fusC) and trimethoprim resistance (dfrC) incorporated in the MRSA SCCmec VI.
IMPORTANCE Our findings demonstrate a possible cross-transmission of methicillin resistant staphylococci between goats and their local environments and between goats and humans. Due to ever increasing resistance to multiple antibiotics, the burden of MRS has a significant impact on livestock farming, public health, and the economy worldwide. This study highlights that implementing a holistic approach to whole genome sequencing surveillance in livestock and farm environments would aid our understanding of the transmission of methicillin resistant staphylococci and, most importantly, allow us to implement appropriate infection control and hygiene practices.

Item Type: Article
Identifier: 10.1128/spectrum.00387-22
Keywords: MRS, MRSA, MRSE, Saudi Arabia, environment, genotypes, goat
Subjects: Medicine and health > Microbiology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Hermine Mkrtchyan
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2022 14:51
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 14:51
URI: https://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/9606

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