Nerve regeneration in transplanted organs and tracer imaging studies: a review

Huang, Yan, He, Zhigang, Manyande, Anne ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8257-0722, Feng, Maohui and Xiang, Hong-bing (2022) Nerve regeneration in transplanted organs and tracer imaging studies: a review. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, section Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, 10.

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Abstract

The technique of organ transplantation is well established and after transplantation the patient might be faced with the problem of nerve regeneration of the transplanted organ. Transplanted organs are innervated by the sympathetic, parasympathetic, and visceral sensory plexuses, but there is a lack of clarity regarding the neural influences on the heart, liver and kidneys and the mechanisms of their innervation. Although there has been considerable recent work exploring the potential mechanisms of nerve regeneration in organ transplantation, there remains much that is unknown about the heterogeneity and individual variability in the reinnervation of organ transplantation. The widespread availability of radioactive nerve tracers has also made a significant contribution to organ transplantation and has helped to investigate nerve recovery after transplantation, as well as providing a direction for future organ transplantation research. In this review we focused on neural tracer imaging techniques in humans and provide some conceptual insights into theories that can effectively support our choice of radionuclide tracers. This also facilitates the development of nuclear medicine techniques and promotes the development of modern medical technologies and computer tools. We described the knowledge of neural regeneration after heart transplantation, liver transplantation and kidney transplantation and apply them to various imaging techniques to quantify the uptake of radionuclide tracers to assess the prognosis of organ transplantation. We noted that the aim of this review is both to provide clinicians and nuclear medicine researchers with theories and insights into nerve regeneration in organ transplantation and to advance imaging techniques and radiotracers as a major step forward in clinical research. Moreover, we aimed to further promote the clinical and research applications of imaging techniques and provide clinicians and research technology developers with the theory and knowledge of the nerve.

Item Type: Article
Identifier: 10.3389/fbioe.2022.966138
Additional Information: Copyright: © 2022 Huang, He, Manyande, Feng and Xiang. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). This article was first published by Frontiers Media on 16 August 2022. Citation: Huang Y, He Z, Manyande A, Feng M and Xiang H (2022) Nerve regeneration in transplanted organs and tracer imaging studies: A review. Front. Bioeng. Biotechnol. 10:966138. doi: 10.3389/fbioe.2022.966138
Keywords: Organ Transplantation, nerve tracers, sympathetic nerve, parasympathetic nerve, visceral sensory plexus
Subjects: Medicine and health > Clinical medicine
Medicine and health
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Anne Manyande
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2022 12:23
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2022 15:10
URI: https://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/9259

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