Differences in the socio-demographic determinants of undernutrition in children aged <5 years in urban and rural areas of Bangladesh measured by the Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure

Chowdhury, Mohammad Rocky Khan, Khan, Hafiz T.A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1817-3730 and Mondal, Nazrul (2021) Differences in the socio-demographic determinants of undernutrition in children aged <5 years in urban and rural areas of Bangladesh measured by the Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure. Public Health, 198. pp. 37-43. ISSN 0033-3506

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Chowdhury,_Khana_and_Mondal_2021_Public_Health_-_Differences_in_the_socio-demographic_determinants_of_undernutrition_in_children_aged__5_years_in_urban_and_rural_areas_of_Bangladesh_measured_by_the_composite_index_of_anthropometric_failure.pdf - Accepted Version
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Abstract

Objectives: This study investigates the prevalence and determinants of undernutrition among children <5 years living in Bangladesh using the Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF) and highlights the differences between urban and rural areas.

Study design: Data are drawn from three cross-sectional Bangladesh Demographic Health Surveys (BDHS) conducted from 2007 to 2014.

Methods: A Chi-square test was used to assess the prevalence of under-5 child undernutrition. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify various socio-demographic risk factors.

Results: The prevalence of undernutrition based on the CIAF was 52% among children under-5 in Bangladesh. The prevalence of undernutrition in children living in urban areas was found to be 45% and 54% in rural areas. As per the CIAF, undernutrition was highly prevalent among children in the older age group, children of uneducated and currently working mothers, those of underweight mothers, were fourth and above in the birth order, had fathers who were manual labourers, where households had no access to television and those in the poorest households whether in urban or rural areas. Children in the older age group, children of uneducated mothers, those with underweight mothers and from the poorest households provided common key risk factors for undernutrition in both urban and rural areas. Children of fourth and above birth order, and not watching television at all were additional risk factors of child undernutrition in rural areas.

Conclusion: Half of the children in rural areas and two-fifth of them in urban areas are suffering undernutrition in Bangladesh and several socio-demographic factors heighten the risks. Also, birth order and watching television were identified as the differential risk factors. This study therefore concludes that evidence-based interventions are needed to reduce the burden of undernutrition in children in the country.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Children, Malnutrition, Under 5 years, Risk factors, Bangladesh
Subjects: Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health
Medicine and health
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Hafiz T.A. Khan
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2021 17:14
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 07:15
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/8149

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