The role of prejudicial stereotypes in the formation of suspicion: an examination of operational procedures into stop and search practices

Minhas, Rashid ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1479-0985 and Walsh, Dave (2021) The role of prejudicial stereotypes in the formation of suspicion: an examination of operational procedures into stop and search practices. International Journal of Police Science and Management. ISSN 1461-3557 (In Press)

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Abstract

One of the current and visible controversies in the UK policing that challenges the heart and foundation of the principle of law is arguably the apparent disproportionate use of stop and search powers involving ethnic minority communities. Differential exposure to certain types of suspected offenders can lead to the development of cognitive scripts that operate as stereotypes which may play a role in informing suspicions concerning police stops and searches. Focussing on whether police officers use negative stereotypes to inform suspicions when conducting stops and searches, the present study examined more than 2,100 stop and search records held by a police force in England, as well as conducting 20 semi-structured interviews with frontline serving police officers from the same force. It was found that the use of stop and search powers is consistent with (i) the use of stereotypes with respect to age, appearance, and social class; and (ii) the disproportionate recorded use of stop and search powers involving Black, Asian and Mixed communities. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article due to published by Sage in International Journal of Police Science and Management. See publisher's website for more details: https://journals.sagepub.com/home/psm
Uncontrolled Keywords: stereotyping; suspicion; stop and search; policing; decision-making
Subjects: Law and criminal justice > Law > Judicial culture
Law and criminal justice
Law and criminal justice > Criminal justice > Policing and criminal investigations
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Rashid Minhas
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2021 12:46
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2021 13:19
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/7837

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