A systematic assessment on COVID‐19 preparedness and transition strategy in Bangladesh

Biswas, Raaj Kishore, Huq, Samin, Afiaz, Awan and Khan, Hafiz T.A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1817-3730 (2020) A systematic assessment on COVID‐19 preparedness and transition strategy in Bangladesh. Journal Of Evaluation In Clinical Practice. ISSN 1356-1294

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Abstract

Rationale, aims and objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic of 2020 has overpowered the most advanced health systems worldwide with thousands of daily deaths. The current study conducted a situation analysis on the pandemic preparedness of Bangladesh and provided recommendations on the transition to the new reality and gradual restoration of normalcy.

Method: A complex adaptive system (CAS) framework was theorized based on four structural dimensions obtained from the crisis and complexity theory to help evaluate the health system of Bangladesh. Data sourced from published reports from the government, nongovernmental organizations and mainstream media up to 15 June 2020 were used to conduct a qualitative analysis and visualize the spatial distribution of countrywide COVID-19 cases.

Results: The findings suggested that Bangladesh severely lacked the preparedness to tackle the spread of COVID-19 with both short- and long-term implications for health, the economy, and good governance. Absence of planning and coordination, disproportionate resource allocations, challenged infrastructure, adherence to bureaucratic delay,
lack of synchronized risk communication, failing leadership of concerned authorities and incoherent decision-making have led to a precarious situation that will have dire ramifications causing many uncertainties in the coming days.

Conclusions: Implementation of response protocols addressing the needs of the community and the stakeholders from the central level is urgently needed. The development of mechanisms for dynamic decision-making based on regular feedback and long-term planning for a smooth transition between the new reality and normalcy should also be urgently
addressed in Bangladesh.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Biswas, RK, Huq, S, Afiaz, A, Khan, HTA. A systematic assessment on COVID‐19 preparedness and transition strategy in Bangladesh. J Eval Clin Pract. 2020; 1– 13. https://doi.org/10.1111/jep.13467], which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jep.13467. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Situational assessment, Health system, Crisis theory, Complexity theory, SARS-COV-2, Pandemic, LMIC
Subjects: Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health
Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health > Healthcare education
Medicine and health
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Hafiz T.A. Khan
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2020 06:16
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2020 16:13
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/7219

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