Socio-demographic risk factors for severe malnutrition in children aged under five among various birth cohorts in Bangladesh

Chowdhury, Mohammad Rocky Khan, Khan, Hafiz T.A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1817-3730, Mondal, Md. Nazrul Islam and Kabir, Russell (2020) Socio-demographic risk factors for severe malnutrition in children aged under five among various birth cohorts in Bangladesh. Journal of Biosocial Science. ISSN 0021-9320

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Abstract

Tackling malnutrition is a major global health priority for a developing country like Bangladesh. This paper explores the epidemiological differences between only one form and multiple forms of severe malnutrition among children in Bangladesh aged under-five years. Also, it identifies important factors that are associated with both these forms. Data were extracted from the Bangladesh Demographic Health Surveys of 2007, 2011 and 2014. The outcome measures included only one form and multiple forms of severe malnutrition in children aged under-five years. A Chi-square test was performed to find the association of outcome variables with selected socio-demographic factors and logistic regression models helped identify the risk factors. A total of 19,874 children aged under-five years were included in the current analysis. The overall proportion with one form of severe child malnutrition was approximately 11.53% and with multiple forms was 7.60%. The analysis showed that age, mothers' education, fathers' occupation, mothers' currently working, watching television, source of water, solid waste used in cooking, intimate partner violence (IPV), wealth index, place of residence and birth cohort were significant factors for both one and multiple forms of severe child malnutrition. Those children that had a non-educated mother and came from a poor socioeconomic class were associated with a high risk of severe malnutrition. Where a father had an occupation service, any children were at less risk of multiple forms of severe malnutrition. The proportion of severe malnutrition in children aged under-five years with one form and multiple forms was shown to be high in Bangladesh with the risk identified using selected variables. Prevention of malnutrition in Bangladesh should, therefore, be seen as a significant public health issue and given top priority.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Chowdhury, M., Khan, H., Mondal, M., & Kabir, R. (2020). Socio-demographic risk factors for severe malnutrition in children aged under five among various birth cohorts in Bangladesh. Journal of Biosocial Science, 1-16. doi:10.1017/S0021932020000425], which has been published in final form at: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021932020000425
Uncontrolled Keywords: Socio-demographic, under-five child and severe malnutrition
Subjects: Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health
Medicine and health
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Hafiz T.A. Khan
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2020 10:24
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2020 09:57
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/7027

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