Effects of bone damage on creep behaviours of human vertebral trabeculae

O'Callaghan, Paul, Szarko, Matthew, Wang, Yue and Luo, Jin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5451-9535 (2017) Effects of bone damage on creep behaviours of human vertebral trabeculae. Bone, 106. pp. 204-210. ISSN 8756-3282

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Abstract

A subgroup of patients suffering with vertebral fractures can develop progressive spinal deformities over time. The mechanism underlying such clinical observation, however, remains unknown. Previous studies suggested that creep deformation of the vertebral trabeculae may play a role. Using the acoustic emission (AE) technique, this study investigated effects of bone damage (modulus reduction) on creep behaviours of vertebral trabecular bone. Thirty-seven human vertebral trabeculae samples were randomly assigned into five groups (A to E). Bones underwent mechanical tests using similar experimental protocols but varied degree of bone damage was induced. Samples first underwent creep test (static compressive stress of 0.4 MPa) for 30 min, and then were loaded in compression to a specified strain level (0.4%, 1.0%, 1.5%, 2.5%, and 4% for group A to E, respectively) to induce different degrees of bone damage (0.4%, no damage control; 1.0%, yield strain; 1.5%, beyond yield strain, 2.5% and 4%, post-ultimate strains). Samples were creep loaded (0.4 MPa) again for 30 min. AE techniques were used to monitor bone damage. Bone damage increased significantly from group A to E (P < 0.05), with > 30% of modulus reduction in group D and E. Before compressive loading, creep deformation was not different among the five groups and AE hits in creep test were rare. After compressive loading, creep deformation was significantly greater in group D and E than those in other groups (P < 0.05). The number of AE hits and other AE measurements during creep test were significantly greater in group D and E than in group A, B, and C (P < 0.05 for all). Data suggested that with the increase of vertebral trabecular bone damage, substantial creep deformation may occur even when the vertebra was under physiological loads. The boosted creep deformation observed may be attributed to newly created trabecular microfractures. Findings provide a possible explanation as to why some vertebral fracture patients develop progressive spinal deformity over time.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vertebral fracture, Creep, Trabeculae, Mechanical test, Biomechanics
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Biomedical engineering
Construction and engineering > Sound engineering
Medicine and health > Physiology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jin Luo
Date Deposited: 08 May 2020 14:05
Last Modified: 08 May 2020 21:38
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6898

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