Effects of body mass index on bone loading due to physical activity

Smith, Tina, Reeves, Sue, Halsey, Lewis, Huber, Jörg and Luo, Jin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5451-9535 (2018) Effects of body mass index on bone loading due to physical activity. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 34 (1). pp. 7-13. ISSN 1065-8483

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Abstract

The aim of the current study was to compare bone loading due to physical activity between lean, and overweight and obese individuals. Fifteen participants (lower BMI group: BMI < 25 kg/m2, n = 7; higher BMI group: 25 kg/m2 < BMI < 36.35 kg/m2, n = 8) wore a tri-axial accelerometer on 1 day to collect data for the calculation of bone loading. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (short form) was used to measure time spent at different physical activity levels. Daily step counts were measured using a pedometer. Differences between groups were compared using independent t-tests. Accelerometer data revealed greater loading dose at the hip in lower BMI participants at a frequency band of 0.1–2 Hz (P = .039, Cohen’s d = 1.27) and 2–4 Hz (P = .044, d = 1.24). Lower BMI participants also had a significantly greater step count (P = .023, d = 1.55). This corroborated with loading intensity (d ≥ 0.93) and questionnaire (d = 0.79) effect sizes to indicate higher BMI participants tended to spend more time in very light activity, and less time in light and moderate activity. Overall, participants with a lower BMI exhibited greater bone loading due to physical activity; participants with a higher BMI may benefit from more light and moderate level activity to maintain bone health.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Applied Biomechanics , 2018, 34 (1): 7–13, https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.2016-0126. © Human Kinetics, Inc.
Uncontrolled Keywords: pedometer, accelerometry, loading intensity, loading frequency
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Biomedical engineering
Medicine and health > Nutrition
Medicine and health > Physiology
Depositing User: Jin Luo
Date Deposited: 08 May 2020 11:51
Last Modified: 08 May 2020 14:54
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6896

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