Cultural factors

Görzig, Anke ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7623-0836, Wachs, Sebastian and Wright, Michelle (2020) Cultural factors. In: Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Bullying. Wiley-Blackwell. (In Press)

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Abstract

Bullying and cyber-bullying are cross-cultural phenomena. However, the research focus and evidence mainly lie in Western countries. Nonetheless, independent research traditions and conceptions encompassing the issue of bullying have been studied in other parts of the world and the involvement there is growing. In recent years efforts have been made to consolidate this research more globally as well as to identify cultural and national particularities. The current chapter reviews the development of research in bullying and cyber-bullying from a cross-cultural perspective. The history of the research of bullying and the emergence of cyberbullying is reviewed whilst pointing to cross-cultural similarities such as trends across age and gender. The chapter is examining issues of language, definitions and types of bullying whilst reflecting on their interconnectedness. Cross-cultural differences are reviewed as well as their potential explanatory factors. A socio-ecological framework is taken to consider the impact of the cultural environment on individuals bullying behaviours. Several aspects on the cultural level are reviewed and discussed. These involve factors such as cultural values, the technological infrastructure, education and regulatory system as well as socio-economic stratification. Lastly, methodological issues that need to be considered when interpreting the findings of cross-national research as reported here, are highlighted and discussed.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Education
Psychology
Social sciences
Depositing User: Anke Goerzig
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2020 11:49
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 13:30
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6763

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