A routine activity approach to understand cybergrooming victimization among adolescents from six countries

Wachs, Sebastian, Michelsen, Anna, Wright, Michelle F, Gámez-Guadix, Manuel, Almendros, Carmen, Kwon, Yeji, Yang, Soeun, Sittichai, Ruthaychonnee, Singh, Ritu, Biswal, Ramakrishna, Görzig, Anke ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7623-0836 and Yanagida, Takuya (2020) A routine activity approach to understand cybergrooming victimization among adolescents from six countries. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 23 (4). pp. 218-224. ISSN 2152-2715

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Abstract

Little attention has been given to empirically-tested theoretical frameworks of adolescents’ risk for cybergrooming victimization. To this end, we have applied the Routine Activity Theory to investigate whether exposure to motivated offenders (PC/laptop ownership and Internet access in the own bedroom), capable guardianship (parental mediation strategies of Internet use), and target suitability (adolescents’ online disclosure of private information) predict cybergrooming victimization among adolescents. Using data from a cross-sectional survey of 5,938 adolescents from Germany, India, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, and the U.S. ranging in age from 12 to 18 (M=14.77, SD=1.60), we have found that PC/laptop ownership and Internet access in the own bedroom, parental mediation, and online disclosure are directly associated with cybergrooming victimization. While instructive parental mediation is negatively related with online disclosure and cybergrooming victimization, restrictive mediation is positively related to both. In addition, online disclosure partially mediated the relationship between parental mediation and cybergrooming victimization. The analyses confirm the usefulness of applying the Routine Activity Theory to cybergrooming. Moreover, the present study highlights the need for prevention programs with lessons on age-appropriate ICT use and access, to educate parents on using instructive strategies of Internet mediation, and inform adolescents to avoid disclosing too much private information online. The Routine Activity Theory might function as a theoretical framework for these programs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Final publication is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2019.0426
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cybergrooming; parental mediation; restrictive mediation, instructive mediation Cross-national research; cybervictimization; online disclosure
Subjects: Education
Psychology
Social sciences
Depositing User: Anke Goerzig
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2019 18:20
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2020 09:14
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6591

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