Effect of premature loading on punching resistance of reinforced concrete flat slabs

Shaaban, Ibrahim, Hosni, Ayman H., Montaser, Wael M. and El-Sayed, Moataz M. (2019) Effect of premature loading on punching resistance of reinforced concrete flat slabs. Case Studies in Construction Materials, 12.

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Abstract

Premature loading of reinforced concrete flat slabs in multi storey buildings during construction may occur after shuttering removal and loading slabs earlier than usual to meet project time targets. Some case studies showed failure of flat slabs, which were prematurely loaded during the construction process before it reaches its full characteristic strength (at 28 days), which was used in structural design. This research aims to address this problem through experimental testing and design application according to current building codes. Eight specimens with dimensions of 1100 * 1100 mm and a total thickness of 120 mm were experimentally tested to study the effect of concrete age and actual compressive strength at loading on the punching shear capacity of reinforced concrete slabs. All specimens were supported by a square column with dimensions of 150 × 150 mm and loaded at the four corners with a span of 1050 mm. Accelerating admixture was used in three studied specimens to achieve higher concrete compressive strength at early ages compared to their companions of normal concrete without these admixtures. It was found that increasing concrete compressive strength of slab from 25 N/mm2 to 35 Nlmm2 (40% increase) for normal concrete, without early admixture, improved punching shear capacity by 26%, while increasing it to 45 N/mm2 (80% increase) improved punching shear capacity by 49% when the specimens were loaded 7 days after casting. In addition, using an accelerating admixture increased early concrete compressive strength, which improved punching shear capacity of reinforced concrete slab over that without accelerating admixture by 31% and 29% after 7 days and 14 days, respectively. According to inclusion of reinforcement ratio, BS8110 - 97 and EC2 design codes showed the most accurate prediction of punching shear capacity at 28 days, while ACI and ECP seemed conservative as their equations do not take steel ratio into consideration. At early ages, BS8110 - 97 and EC2 design equations did not provide accurate prediction of punching shear capacity while ACI and ECP provided reliable equations. It is highly recommended to use the actual compressive strength of concrete at early age (7 days for example) for calculating punching shear resistance of flat slabs in multi storey buildings prior to shuttering removal to prevent any premature loading.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: flat slabs; immature concrete; punching shear; premature loading; failure ; compressive strength
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Civil and structural engineering
Construction and engineering
Depositing User: Kevin Sanders
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2019 11:25
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2019 11:36
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6572

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