Taking the strain? Impact of glaucoma on patients' informal caregivers

McDonald, Leanne ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8769-3214, Turnbull, Paula, Chang, Lydia and Crabb, David P (2019) Taking the strain? Impact of glaucoma on patients' informal caregivers. Eye, 34 (1). pp. 197-204. ISSN 0950-222X

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Abstract

Purpose: To estimate informal caregiver (ICG) strain in people from a glaucoma clinic.
Methods: Patients with glaucoma were consecutively identified from a single clinic in England for a cross-sectional postal survey. The sample was deliberately enriched with a number of patients designated as having advanced glaucoma (visual field [VF] mean deviation worse than -12 dB in both eyes). Patients were asked to identify an ICG who recorded a Modified Caregiver Strain Index (MCSI), a validated 13 item instrument scored on a scale of 0-26. Previous research has indicated mean MCSI to be >10 in Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. All participants gave a self-reported measure of general health (EQ5D).
Results: Responses from 105 patients (43% of those invited) were analysed; only 38 of the 105 named an ICG. Mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) MCSI was 2.4 (1.3, 3.6) and only three ICGs recorded a MCSI > 7. The percentage of patients with an ICG was much higher in patients with advanced VF loss (82%; 9/11) when compared to those with non-advanced VF loss (31%; 29/94; p=0.001). Mean (standard deviation) MCSI was considerably inflated in the advanced patients (5.6 [4.9] vs 1.5 [2.2] for non-advanced; p=0.040). Worsening VF and poorer self-reported general health (EQ5D) of the patient were associated with worsening MCSI.
Conclusion: ICG strain, as measured by MCSI, for patients with non-advanced glaucoma is negligible, compared to other chronic disease. ICG strain increases moderately with worsening VFs but this could be partly explained by worse general health in our sample of patients.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: McDonald, L., Turnbull, P., Chang, L. et al. Taking the strain? Impact of glaucoma on patients' informal caregivers. Eye (2019) doi:10.1038/s41433-019-0688-4 Non-commercial use only
Uncontrolled Keywords: glaucoma; caregiver; caregiving; informal care; caregiver strain
Subjects: Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health
Medicine and health > Person centered care
Medicine and health
Psychology
Depositing User: Leanne McDonald
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2019 15:09
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2020 15:17
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6568

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