Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective

Mondal, Nazrul Islam, Khan, Nuruzzaman, Baki, Abu Naser Muhammad Abdul, Hoque, Nazrul and Khan, Hafiz ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1817-3730 (2019) Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective. Turkish Journal of Public Health, 17 (3). pp. 314-325. ISSN 1304-1096

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Abstract

Objective: This study is designed to understand the impacts of demographic events, socioeconomic differentials, health factors’ availability, and environmental reasons which influence life expectancy (LE) globally. Methods: Data of 183 countries were taken from the United Nations agencies. The predicted variable was LE, and the determinants were demographic events, socioeconomic factors, health-related factors, and environmental issues. Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and backward multiple regression analysis were used to reach the research objectives. Results: The lowest LEs are found in the African countries; and LE is found significantly associated (p<0.05) with a wide range of demographic, socioeconomic, health, and environmental factors. The necessity of full coverage of immunization, higher income, and improved sanitation are more expected to raise LE. However, LE may be increased by way of decrease fertility, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevalence, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Conclusions: The LE is influenced by different demographic, socioeconomic, health, and environmental factors. Country-level and global efforts should be taken to raise LE throughout the reduction of HIV infection, births, and CO2 emissions. The policy-makers should focus on the advancing reproductive decisions, increasing immunization coverage, and upturning improved sanitation usage.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This is an open Access article which can be used if cited properly.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Life expectancy; determinants of life expectancy; ecological analysis; HIV infection
Subjects: Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health
Medicine and health
Social sciences
Depositing User: Hafiz Khan
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2019 08:15
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2020 14:26
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6487

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