Sociotechnical design for mobile anticoagulant therapy

Barricelli, Barbara Rita, Abdelnour-Nocera, Jose ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7935-7368, Wilson, Jennie and Eason, Ken (2019) Sociotechnical design for mobile anticoagulant therapy. Health and Technology, 9 (5). pp. 857-876. ISSN 2190-7188

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Abstract

In this paper we present MANTRA (Mobile ANticoagulant TheRApy), a project aimed at studying feasibility and acceptability of the introduction of mobile technology in the management of anticoagulant therapy involving both patients and health practitioners in their design. By the evaluation of the MANTRA Project, we developed a general approach to mHealth in the remote management of chronic diseases by supporting the communication among patients and healthcare practitioners. Patients usually have to make frequent visits to surgeries to meet nurses for the tests, and General Practitioners (GPs) for receiving drug prescriptions. We report on the implementation of the project as a proof of concept in London. A group of patients, General Practitioners, nurses, and healthcare assistants from the National Health Service (NHS) participated in design and evaluation phases. The distinct characteristics of the NHS as one of the world's largest publicly funded health services posed a number of sociotechnical challenges to the design team. We present how we approached and addressed these challenges through MANTRA. Patients and Healthcare practitioners recognized the validity of our proposed design approach not only for supporting the remote therapy practice preserving an efficient and effective communication with the patients, but also as a way for better managing resources in anticoagulant clinics in the context of the NHS. With our research we explored the process that needs to be followed to develop a mobile system that would fit the sociotechnical ecosystem of anticoagulant therapy. Furthermore, we are now able to identify the changes that will be necessary in the ecosystem itself to make an effective use of the mobile system.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The MANTRA Project was funded by the Leverhulme Trust with a Visiting Fellowship for Barbara Rita Barricelli at the University of West London. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Health and Technology. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12553-019-00358-9
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anticoagulant therapy, Chronic diseases, mHealth, Mobile devices, Sociotechnical design, Telemedicinee
Subjects: Computing > Innovation and user experience
Medicine and health > Person centered care
Computing > Innovation and user experience > Usability
Depositing User: Jose Abdelnour-Nocera
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2019 09:06
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2019 14:58
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6413

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