Cyberhate and cyberbullying: joint propensity and reciprocal amplification. Full panel: victims and perpetrators of hate speech

Görzig, Anke ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7623-0836, Wachs, Sebastian and Wright, Michelle (2019) Cyberhate and cyberbullying: joint propensity and reciprocal amplification. Full panel: victims and perpetrators of hate speech. In: Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, 12-15 July 2019, Lisbon. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Research has shown for decades that regardless of culture, country, analytical and statistical methods both perpetration and victimization are highly associated. However, less attention has been given to the possible associations between cyberhate victimization and perpetration. In agreement with the Social Learning Theory, cyberhate victims may become more aggressive and perpetrate cyberhate as they have learned these behaviors as a result of their victimization. Further, borrowing from Problem Behaviour Theory, this association may also be in line with other associated risk behaviors, such as, cyberbullying perpetration. A total of N = 1480 German students between 12 and 17 years old participated in this study. Cyberhate victimization, perpetration and cyberbullying perpetration were assessed via self-report items. Cyberhate victimization was the IV, cyberhate perpetration was the DV, and cyberbullying perpetration was the moderator, while controlling for participants’ age, sex, migration background, and socioeconomic background. Moderation analysis was examined using SPSS Process Macro. Increases in cyberhate victimization were positively related to cyberhate perpetration (b=0.16***). Cyberbullying perpetration was positively associated with cyberhate perpetration (b=0.15***). Significant moderation effects were found between cyberhate victimization and cyberbullying perpetration when predicting cyberhate perpetration (b=0.12***). Cyberhate victims reported more cyberhate perpetration when they reported higher levels of cyberbullying perpetration (b=0.28***) and less frequent cyberhate perpetration when they reported lower levels of cyberbullying perpetration (b=0.16***). Our findings suggest amplifying effects between cyberhate and cyberbullying and, in line with notions of a common risk propensity in adolescence, emphasize the need for intervention programs to address shared vulnerability factors.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Education
Media
Psychology
Social sciences
Depositing User: Anke Goerzig
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2019 13:04
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2020 10:03
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6018

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