Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in Bangladesh: do eating habits and physical activity have a gender differential effect?

Khan, Mostaued Ali, Karim, Masud, Islam, Ahmed Zohirul, Islam, Rafiqul, Khan, Hafiz ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1817-3730 and Khalilullah, Ibrahim (2019) Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in Bangladesh: do eating habits and physical activity have a gender differential effect? Journal of Biosocial Science, 51 (6). pp. 843-856. ISSN 0021-9320

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Abstract

The aim of the study is to examine the gender differential outcomes of food habits and physical activities on obesity among school-aged adolescents in Bangladesh. In this study, a nationally representative data extracted from the Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) 2014 was utilized. The information related to physical and mental health was collected from 2989 school-aged adolescents in Bangladesh. To fulfill the aim, an exploratory data analysis and multivariate logistic regression model were employed in this study. The female adolescents’ were at lower risk of overweight/obesity (AOR = 0.573) with a prevalence of 7.4% than males (9.9%) in Bangladesh. The results showed that high consumption of vegetables (both: AOR = 0.454; males: AOR = 0.504; and females: AOR = 0.432), high soft drink consumption (both: AOR=2.357; males: AOR = 2.929; and females: AOR = 1.677), high fast food eating (both: AOR = 2.777; males: AOR = 6.064; and females: AOR = 1.695), sleep disturbance (both: AOR = 0.675; males: AOR = 0.590; and females: AOR = 0.555), and regular walk or bike to school (both: AOR = 0.472; males: AOR = 0.430; and females: AOR = 0.557) was the vital influencing factors of overweight/obesity among adolescents of both sexes in Bangladesh. Besides, fruit eating, vigorous physical activity, physical education attendance, sitting activities were also identified as significant predictors of overweight and obesity for males in Bangladesh. The high practice of fruit and vegetable consumption regularly, avoiding soft drinks and fast food, increasing the vigorous intensity of physical activity, regular attendance in physical education and abating higher sitting activity in leisure time can reduce the risk of overweight/obesity among adolescents of both sexes in Bangladesh.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Obesity; Adolescent; Food habit; Physical activities; Bangladesh; Child health and Nutrition
Subjects: Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health
Depositing User: Hafiz Khan
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2019 08:12
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2019 02:45
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/5785

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