Modelling contraceptive prevalence in Bangladesh: a hierarchical approach

Kalam, E.M. Nazmul and Khan, Hafiz (2002) Modelling contraceptive prevalence in Bangladesh: a hierarchical approach. Asian MetaCentre research paper series. (5). Asian MetaCentre for Population and Sustainable Development Analysis, Singapore. ISBN 9810458568

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Abstract

In demography, large-scale surveys often follow a nested structure of data because information is collected from different levels of hierarchy. It is thus necessary to elicit the inherent variations, which occur for a particular phenomenon between those levels. Exploring this idea, the present study seeks to detect variations resulting from such nested structure in the case of contraceptive practice in Bangladesh, as well as identify factors affecting the individual’s behavior. Applying the newly developed theories of multilevel analysis, a functional model is developed for current use of contraception, using data collected in the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, 1996-97. From the constructed model, it is observed that the necessary factors defining women’s attitudes towards contraception are the woman’s age; the number of male children in her family; whether she takes decisions on family planning issues individually or jointly; the number of family planning services she received and her current working status. In addition, the multilevel model reflects the existence of significant variations in the mean effects of the predictors of current contraceptive practice in lower administrative levels. The study shows that due to the widespread activities of family planning services in recent times, such services have received encouraging reaction from women in all parts of Bangladesh. Family planning services have successfully increased the level of awareness as it has led to non-variable contribution among the levels of hierarchies. The study has suggested integrating a strong awareness program that targets the currently married women and encourages them to practice contraception more in their early reproductive lives; to discourage their desire for male children; to share their family planning matters with friends and relatives; to think of contributing towards their family by earning money by themselves, and to keep themselves aware of family planning services. The study suggests continuing intensively running family planning programs along with the awareness programs in those districts where the particular determinant of contraceptive use has been found to be less effective.

Item Type: Book
Subjects: Medicine and health
Social sciences
Depositing User: Hafiz Khan
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2010 10:07
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2017 11:06
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/3791

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