Spatial pattern of structural ageing in eastern Croatia: evolution and explanations

Jukic, Marijan and Khan, Hafiz (2015) Spatial pattern of structural ageing in eastern Croatia: evolution and explanations. International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, 9 (2). pp. 53-78. ISSN 1652-8670

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Abstract

The article aims to examine the ageing situation and social policy issues in the Osijek-Baranja County of Eastern Croatia. Using historical evidence from Census data, the research suggests that the evolution of the ageing pattern has been mainly determined by such factors as development of the transport system; changes in political-territorial organisation; supply of jobs in the cities; deagrarianisation and a domestic war in the 1990s. The increased importance of urban centres, through planned industrialisation and administrative centralisation, has accelerated and intensified rural-to-urban migration. Consequently, the spatial pattern of structural ageing has been substantially affected. A significant variation was found in urban and rural areas and also within sub-regional units. The findings suggest that the evolution of spatial disparities in the ageing pattern has been due to unplanned migration; also to spatial differences in the level of socio-economic development; the influence of tradition, such as higher fertility rates historically in some areas and suburbanisation, notably around the city of Osijek. The article concludes that ageing is affecting the country’s economic growth and the formal and informal social support systems including the provision of resources for older citizens in the endangered areas.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Authors. The International Journal of Ageing and Later Life uses a “Attribution Non-commercial” license which allows users to distribute the work and to re-work it without the author's permission, but not for any commercial purposes. Full reference to the author must be given.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ageing; Croatia; spatial pattern; demographic transition; Osijek-Baranja County
Subjects: Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health
Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health > Healthcare education
Medicine and health
Social sciences
Social sciences > Social work
Depositing User: Hafiz Khan
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2017 07:22
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2017 14:28
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/3422

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