Oxygen and tissue culture affect placental gene expression

Brew, Obed and Sullivan, Mark H.F. (2017) Oxygen and tissue culture affect placental gene expression. Placenta, 55. pp. 13-20. ISSN 0143-4004

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Abstract

Introduction

Placental explant culture is an important model for studying placental development and functions. We investigated the differences in placental gene expression in response to tissue culture, atmospheric and physiologic oxygen concentrations.

Methods

Placental explants were collected from normal term (38–39 weeks of gestation) placentae with no previous uterine contractile activity. Placental transcriptomic expressions were evaluated with GeneChip® Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 arrays (Affymetrix).

Results

We uncovered sub-sets of genes that regulate response to stress, induction of apoptosis programmed cell death, mis-regulation of cell growth, proliferation, cell morphogenesis, tissue viability, and protection from apoptosis in cultured placental explants. We also identified a sub-set of genes with highly unstable pattern of expression after exposure to tissue culture. Tissue culture irrespective of oxygen concentration induced dichotomous increase in significant gene expression and increased enrichment of significant pathways and transcription factor targets (TFTs) including HIF1A. The effect was exacerbated by culture at atmospheric oxygen concentration, where further up-regulation of TFTs including PPARA, CEBPD, HOXA9 and down-regulated TFTs such as JUND/FOS suggest intrinsic heightened key biological and metabolic mechanisms such as glucose use, lipid biosynthesis, protein metabolism; apoptosis, inflammatory responses; and diminished trophoblast proliferation, differentiation, invasion, regeneration, and viability.

Discussion

These findings demonstrate that gene expression patterns differ between pre-culture and cultured explants, and the gene expression of explants cultured at atmospheric oxygen concentration favours stressed, pro-inflammatory and increased apoptotic transcriptomic response.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2017 Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Placenta; Gene expression; Atmospheric oxygen concentration; Physiologic oxygen concentration; Tissue culture
Subjects: Medicine and health
Depositing User: Obed Brew
Date Deposited: 02 May 2017 14:07
Last Modified: 17 May 2017 11:19
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/3287

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