Effects of anesthesia on conventional and speckle tracking echocardiographic parameters in a mouse model of pressure overload

Wang, Guan, Zhang, Le, Manyande, Anne, Cao, Ming, He, Wei, Wu, Xiaofen, Wang, Jinli and Zhang, Cuntai (2015) Effects of anesthesia on conventional and speckle tracking echocardiographic parameters in a mouse model of pressure overload. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 9 (5). pp. 1679-1687. ISSN 1792-0981

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Abstract

Genetically‑modified mice are widely applied in cardiovascular studies as model organisms. Echocardiography is a key tool for evaluating cardiac and hemodynamic functions in mice. The present study aimed to examine the effects of isoflurane (ISF) on conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) parameters under healthy and pathological conditions using a murine model of pressure overload. In addition, the optimal dose of ISF in the process of echocardiographic measurement, with minimum cardiac contraction depression, was investigated. Conventional echocardiographic and STE examinations were performed on 38 adult C57BL/6 male mice. The mice were divided into the following three groups: The sham (n=15); mild thoracic aortic banding (TAB; n=15); and severe TAB (n=8) groups. ISF was administered under deep anesthesia (DA; 1‑2% ISF), light anesthesia (LA; 0.5‑1% ISF) and immediately prior to the mice waking up (awake; 0‑0.5% ISF). Conventional echocardiographic parameters were preserved within the sham and mild TAB groups (P>0.05 for each parameter) under LA and awake conditions. However, under DA conditions, the majority of these parameters were reduced compared with the LA and awake conditions (P<0.05). In the severe TAB group, conventional echocardiographic parameters remained constant under LA, DA and awake conditions. STE parameters in the groups remained similar between the LA and awake conditions, but were significantly reduced under DA conditions. Therefore, conventional echocardiography and STE may be performed using LA induced with low doses of ISF, under various pathological conditions without affecting cardiac function.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine and health > Clinical medicine
Depositing User: Anne Manyande
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2016 16:20
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2017 09:08
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1569

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