Vohra, Salim (2014) Introduction to and international trends in Health Impact Assessment through case study experiences. In: 7th European Public Health Conference, 19-22 November 2014, Glasgow. (Unpublished)
EUPHA 2014 - PhD - International trends in HIA - FINAL - small.ppt - Draft Version
This presentation introduces Health Impact Assessment (HIA)
and discusses international trends in HIA using case study
experiences of projects around the world. These have been
identified through the author’s work as part of the
International Association of Impact Assessment (IAIA), the
leading association for impact assessment professionals
The presentation discusses how HIA is being undertaken in
Europe, North America, South America, Africa, SE Asia and
Australia and New Zealand in particular.
It uses some generalised case study experiences in healthy
urban planning (housing developments) and oil and gas
projects (e.g. fracking and refining) and discuss both policyand project applications of HIA.
The focus of the presentation is on the reasons why HIA is
undertaken, how stakeholders are involved, the general
methods used and the existing value frameworks and cultures
that make up current HIA practice.
Our experience within IAIA shows that current HIA practice
generally falls into four broad overlapping groupings; (i) there is a qualitative social approach which focuses on the social and environmental determinants of health, this approach may also focus on or have some quantification of the positive benefits of for example cycling or physical activity; (ii) there is health risk assessment which is the established and long standing approach to quantifying the physical health impacts of exposure to chemicals (e.g. energy from waste facilities); (iii)
there is a qualitative environmental approach particular used in low to middle income countries which focuses on the
environmental determinants of communicable diseases such as
malaria and schistosomiaisis with a smaller social determinants component (often because there is a separate social impact assessment being undertaken); and (iv) there is a quantitative environmentally focused approach, termed environmental HIA, that focuses on the quantification of, for example changes in air pollution, as a result of policy and large programme and project initiatives (e.g. Europe wide policy on
reducing air emissions).
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Other)|
|Subjects:||Medicine and health|
|Depositing User:||Salim Vohra|
|Date Deposited:||01 Jun 2016 20:29|
|Last Modified:||02 Jun 2016 09:15|
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