Reviewing the impacts of climate change on air transport operations

Gratton, G.B., Williams, P.D., Padhra, A. ORCID: and Rapsomanikis, S. (2022) Reviewing the impacts of climate change on air transport operations. The Aeronautical Journal, 126 (1295). pp. 209-221. ISSN 0001-9240

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Climate change is increasing global-mean tropospheric temperatures, but the localised trends are uneven, including cooling the lower stratosphere and lifting the tropopause. The wind speeds are also being modified, both at the surface and aloft. A further effect, additional to wind and temperature alone, is of increasing fluctuations and severity of extreme weather. These are impacting air transport, and this will continue. The effects are known to include increased take-off distances where excess runway lengths exist and reduced payloads where they do not, increased en-route flight times, increased frequency and severity of encounters with clear air turbulence in some regions, changed patterns of wildlife — particularly bird — activity in some regions (potentially also for other anthropogenic reasons) are shifting locations of flight safety hazards, and increased burdens upon airport and associated infrastructure. There is increasing understanding and acknowledgment by companies and authorities of these effects and the importance of mitigating them, although this is not universal and there are as yet no universally understood best practices for air transport climate change mitigation.

Item Type: Article
Identifier: 10.1017/aer.2021.109
Additional Information: (c) The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Royal Aeronautical Society. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (, which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Air transport, climate change, global warming, take-off performance, turbulence, jet stream, airport, birdstrike
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Aerospace engineering
Hospitality and tourism > Tourism > Aviation
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Anil Padhra
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2021 14:17
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2024 16:08


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