Socioeconomic transition and its influence on Body Mass Index (BMI) pattern in Bangladesh

Biswas, Raaj Kishore, Kabir, Enamul and Khan, Hafiz ORCID: 0000-0002-1817-3730 (2018) Socioeconomic transition and its influence on Body Mass Index (BMI) pattern in Bangladesh. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. ISSN 1356-1294 (In Press)

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Abstract

Bangladesh is an underdeveloped country that has recently joined the ranks of low-middle income countries. This study aims to investigate how socioeconomic and developmental factors have influenced women towards a shift in their Body Mass Index (BMI).

The trend was analyzed using data on ever-married women from six nationwide surveys covering the years 1996 to 2014, conducted by the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS). To assess the relationship between the socio-economic factors and BMI, binary regression models were fitted for six surveys and forest plots were applied to display the results.

Factors such as age, education, residence, economic status and contraceptive use were found to have had an increasing influence on BMI over the years that were being analyzed. Age and education for women were potential factors influencing BMI. Growing urbanization and economic inequality were found to have been substantial over time and marital status and contraceptive use were influential whilst the employment status of women held no consequence.

Rapid urbanization allied with growing wealth inequality and dietary alteration seems to have forced a change in the capacity of women in Bangladesh to control their weight. Additional information is still needed on such factors as the amount of time that women are inactive and sitting down, for example, as well as their daily calorie intake in order to assemble all the pieces for addressing necessary health policy changes in Bangladesh. These factors will also help to indicate a shift of focus from rural malnutrition to urban obesity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health
Depositing User: Hafiz Khan
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2018 11:11
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2018 13:34
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/5349

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