Emissions from auxiliary power units and ground power units during intraday aircraft turnarounds at European airports

Padhra, Anil (2018) Emissions from auxiliary power units and ground power units during intraday aircraft turnarounds at European airports. Transportation Research Part D Transport and Environment, 63. pp. 433-444. ISSN 1361-9209

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Abstract

It is widely known that emissions from aircraft engines, Auxiliary Power Units (APU) and ground handling equipment contribute to air pollution at airports. During the aircraft turnaround process, the main source of emissions is the APU. The use of the APU can be significantly reduced if the aircraft stand is equipped to supply external electrical power and pre-conditioned air to the cabin. This paper analyses the actual duration of APU and external power usage during intraday aircraft turnarounds at 125 airports during June 2015. The data is derived from flight data recording units of more than 200 short-haul, narrow-body jet aircraft, conducting some 25,195 aircraft turnarounds and thus provides the most detailed assessment of aircraft power usage available. A common practice is for the APU to be running for a short period on arrival at the stand (arrival-cycle) and then again for a short period prior to departure (departure-cycle). It is identified in this study that departure-cycle emissions are three times greater than arrival-cycle emissions. These emissions could be reduced if more accurate forecasts of departure times are available to flight crew. The provision of external ground power is found to reduce emissions by up to 47.6%. However, the study also highlights that when the source of external power is a diesel-fuelled mobile Ground Power Unit (GPU), there is a net doubling in emissions of hydrocarbons. APU usage is also observed to vary with outside air temperature (OAT) leading to possible increases in emissions of up to 6%.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Hospitality and tourism > Tourism > Aviation
Depositing User: Anil Padhra
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2018 09:16
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2018 09:16
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/5214

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