Investigations into the mechanisms of carcinogen-induced nuclear enlargement in HeLa S3 cells in vitro

Westmoreland, C., Benford, D. J., Eales-Reynolds, Lesley-Jane ORCID: and Grasso, P. (1994) Investigations into the mechanisms of carcinogen-induced nuclear enlargement in HeLa S3 cells in vitro. Toxicology in Vitro, 8 (5). pp. 1139-1150. ISSN 0887-2333

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Carcinogen-induced nuclear enlargement has been reported both in vitro and in vivo, but the mechanism, and whether it is causally related to carcinogenesis, has not yet been established. This study was designed to investigate the role of increased DNA content, such as might occur in polyploidy, in induction of nuclear enlargement. The effects of two genotoxic carcinogens, N-methyl-N-nitrosourea and adriamycin, were compared with the effects induced by diethylstilboestrol, which is arguably a non-genotoxic carcinogen but is known to induce polyploidy. HeLa S3 cells were used as the model system for comparison with previous studies. N-methyl-N-nitrosourea and adriamycin both induced a concentration-related increase in nuclear size 24 to 72 hr after a 30 min pulse-treatment. This was accompanied by an increase in the proportions of cells in the G(2) + M stage of the cell cycle, possibly due to a G(2) block. There was some evidence of polyploidy with adriamycin but not with N-methyl-N-nitrosourea. The distributions of nuclear areas indicated that increases in ploidy contributed to, but did not totally account for, the nuclear enlargement. In contrast, diethylstilboestrol increased the range of nuclear areas and DNA content, to both less than and greater than that of control cells, but only after a prolonged exposure period of 48 hr. These data were consistent with diethylstilboestrol inducing spindle damage. These results demonstrate that carcinogen-induced nuclear enlargement is only partially explained by increased nuclear DNA content, and that certain classes of non-genotoxic carcinogen may produce a completely different pattern to that from genotoxic carcinogens.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine and health
Depositing User: Lesley-Jane Eales-Reynolds
Date Deposited: 20 May 2018 08:34
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2024 15:57

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