Risk as reward: reinforcement sensitivity theory and psychopathic personality perspectives on everyday risk-taking

Satchell, Liam ORCID: 0000-0002-8805-4884, Bacon, Alison, Firth, Jennifer and Corr, Philip (2018) Risk as reward: reinforcement sensitivity theory and psychopathic personality perspectives on everyday risk-taking. Personality and Individual Differences, 128. pp. 162-169.

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Abstract

This study updates and synthesises research on the extent to which impulsive and antisocial disposition predicts everyday pro- and antisocial risk-taking behaviour. We use the Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) of personality to measure approach, avoidance, and inhibition dispositions, as well as measures of Callous-Unemotional and psychopathic personalities. In an international sample of 454 respondents, results showed that RST, psychopathic personality, and callous-unemotional measures accounted for different aspects of risk-taking behaviour. Specifically, traits associated with ‘fearlessness’ related more to ‘prosocial’ (recreational and social) risk-taking, while traits associated with ‘impulsivity’ related more to ‘antisocial’ (ethical and health) risk-taking. Further, we demonstrate that psychopathic personality may be demonstrated by combining the RST and callous-unemotional traits (high impulsivity, callousness, and low fear). Overall this study showed how impulsive, fearless and antisocial traits can be used in combination to identify pro- and anti-social risk-taking behaviours; suggestions for future research are indicated.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Psychology
Depositing User: Liam Satchell
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2018 13:15
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2018 10:40
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/4444

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