Nodes, guardians and signs: raising barriers to human trafficking in the tourism industry

Paraskevas, Alexandros ORCID: 0000-0003-1556-5293 and Brookes, Maureen (2018) Nodes, guardians and signs: raising barriers to human trafficking in the tourism industry. Tourism Management, 67. pp. 147-156. ISSN 0261-5177

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Abstract

Trafficking in human beings (THB) is a growing criminal activity involving the movement of victims by force or coercion for sexual or labour exploitation. THB is often facilitated unwittingly by tourism businesses. This study sought ways to disrupt the opportunities for THB in the hotel sector through the application of criminology theories. A qualitative study was conducted in three European countries (UK, Finland and Romania), employing semi-structured key stakeholder interviews, a survey of hotel managers and focus groups. Using concepts primarily from crime pattern theory, hotels were confirmed as THB activity spaces and 'crime journeys' were mapped with the nodes where offenders and their victims converge with different 'guardians' (hotel employees and managers). Warning signs and critical intervention points where THB opportunities can be disrupted were also identified. The resulting framework of the trafficked victim's journey can be used by any tourism business wishing to help prevent this crime.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: criminal opportunity, critical intervention points, crime pattern theory, hotels, human trafficking, modern slavery, warning signs
Subjects: Business and finance > Business and management > Business operations
Law and criminal justice > Criminal justice > Criminology
Hospitality and tourism > Hospitality > Risk and reputation management
Business and finance > Business and management > Strategy
Hospitality and tourism
Depositing User: Alexandros Paraskevas
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2018 07:54
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2018 09:55
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/4325

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