Nexus between demographic change and elderly care need in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries: some policy implications

Khan, Hafiz T.A. ORCID:, Hussein, Shereen and Deane, John (2017) Nexus between demographic change and elderly care need in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries: some policy implications. Ageing International, 42 (4). pp. 466-487. ISSN 0163-5158

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Population ageing is a phenomenon affecting the whole world. The countries that make up the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) are no exception but transitions in population ageing are still in the early stages of the process. With current demographic dividends experienced by the GCC and the rest of the Middle-East, the pace of population ageing will be faster than that experienced by many European countries. The purpose of this paper is to explore the population-ageing experience of different GCC countries while situating this within a context of social policies that are still at the very early stages of acknowledging such change. We use data from sources such as the United Nations and the World Bank, complemented by policy analysis of current age-related social security measures in the GCC. Given the importance of the family aged care system in the region, we consider the implications of changes in family structures, living conditions, and care needs for the elderly. The findings confirm the declining trend in fertility combined with increased life expectancy in all the six GCC countries. However, they highlight that social policy measures focused on older generations and their care needs are still relatively at the early stages of each country’s policy agenda. The implications of such changes are serious in terms of both the demand for and supply of care. Policymakers need to adopt cohesive social policy strategies that strengthen the complementing relationships between the state, family and wider community as stakeholders in the provision of aged care. In this study, elderly is defined as the proportion of the population aged 60 years and over.

Item Type: Article
Identifier: 10.1007/s12126-017-9303-9
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Human Development Index; Human resources; Gross National Product; Socio-economic; Demographic change; Ageing; Labour market
Subjects: Medicine and health > Health promotion and public health
Medicine and health > Primary health
Depositing User: Hafiz T.A. Khan
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2017 11:30
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2024 15:53


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