Introduction to and international trends in Health Impact Assessment through case study experiences

Vohra, Salim ORCID: (2014) Introduction to and international trends in Health Impact Assessment through case study experiences. In: 7th European Public Health Conference, 19-22 Nov 2014, Glasgow, UK. (Unpublished)

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This presentation introduces Health Impact Assessment (HIA) and discusses international trends in HIA using case study experiences of projects around the world. These have been identified through the author’s work as part of the International Association of Impact Assessment (IAIA), the leading association for impact assessment professionals internationally.

The presentation discusses how HIA is being undertaken in Europe, North America, South America, Africa, SE Asia and Australia and New Zealand in particular.

It uses some generalised case study experiences in healthy urban planning (housing developments) and oil and gas projects (e.g. fracking and refining) and discuss both policy and project applications of HIA.

The focus of the presentation is on the reasons why HIA is undertaken, how stakeholders are involved, the general methods used and the existing value frameworks and cultures that make up current HIA practice.

Our experience within IAIA shows that current HIA practice generally falls into four broad overlapping groupings; (i) there is a qualitative social approach which focuses on the social and environmental determinants of health, this approach may also focus on or have some quantification of the positive benefits of for example cycling or physical activity; (ii) there is health risk assessment which is the established and long standing approach to quantifying the physical health impacts of exposure to chemicals (e.g. energy from waste facilities); (iii) there is a qualitative environmental approach particular used in low to middle income countries which focuses on the environmental determinants of communicable diseases such as malaria and schistosomiaisis with a smaller social determinants component (often because there is a separate social impact assessment being undertaken); and (iv) there is a quantitative environmentally focused approach, termed environmental HIA, that focuses on the quantification of, for example changes in air pollution, as a result of policy and large programme and project initiatives (e.g. Europe wide policy on reducing air emissions).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Subjects: Medicine and health
Depositing User: Salim Vohra
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2016 20:29
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 07:20


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