Specialist dementia nursing models and impacts: a systematic review

Brown, Pat, Burton, Alexandra, Ayden, Jordan, Harrison Dening, Karen, Hoe, Juanita ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4647-8950 and Cooper, Claudia (2023) Specialist dementia nursing models and impacts: a systematic review. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 36 (5). pp. 367-390. ISSN 0951-7367

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Purpose of review
Dementia policy priorities recommend that people who are living with dementia and their family should have access to support and interventions delivered by dementia specialists, including specialist nurses. However, specialist dementia nursing models and role-related competencies are not clearly defined. We systematically review the current evidence regarding specialist dementia nursing models and their impacts.

Recent findings
Thirty-one studies from across three databases, and grey literature were included in the review. One framework defining specific specialist dementia nursing competencies was found. We did not find convincing evidence of the effectiveness of specialist nursing dementia services, relative to standard models of care from the current, limited evidence base, although families living with dementia valued it. No Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) has compared the impact of specialist nursing on client and carer outcomes relative to less specialist care, although one nonrandomised study reported that specialist dementia nursing reduces emergency and inpatient service use compared with a usual care group.

Current models of specialist dementia nursing are numerous and heterogeneous. Further exploration of the specialist nursing skills and the impact of specialist nursing interventions is needed to usefully inform workforce development strategies and clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Identifier: 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000874
Keywords: dementia, interventions, skills, specialist nursing, systematic review
Subjects: Medicine and health
Depositing User: Juanita Hoe
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2024 09:59
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2024 09:59
URI: https://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/11194

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