A critical review for the impact of anaerobic digestion on the sustainable development goals

Piadeh, Farzad, Offie, Ikechukwu, Behzadian, Kourosh, Rizzuto, Joseph P., Bywater, Angela, Córdoba-Pachón, José-Rodrigo and Walker, Mark (2024) A critical review for the impact of anaerobic digestion on the sustainable development goals. Journal of Environmental Management, 349. p. 119458. ISSN 03014797

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Anaerobic Digestion (AD) technology emerges as a viable solution for managing municipal organic waste, offering pollution reduction and the generation of biogas and fertilisers. This study reviews the research works for the advancements in AD implementation to effectively impact the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Furthermore, the study critically analyses responsible waste management that contributes to health and safety, elevating quality of life in both rural and urban areas and, finally, creates a map of AD outputs onto all 17 SDGs. Finally, the assessment employs the three sustainability pillars (i.e., economic, environmental, and social perspectives) to examine the direct and indirect links between AD and all 17 UN SDGs. The findings reveal substantial progress, such as poverty reduction through job creation, bolstering economic growth (SDGs 1, 8, 10, 12), enhancing agricultural productivity (SDG 2), advancing renewable energy usage and diminishing reliance on fossil fuels (SDG 7), fostering inclusive education and gender equality (SDGs 4, 5, 9), combating climate change (SDG 13), transforming cities into sustainable and harmonious environments (SDGs 11, 16, 17), and curbing environmental pollution (SDGs 3, 6, 12, 14, 15). Nonetheless, the study highlights the need for further efforts to achieve the SDG targets, particularly in part of liquid and solid fertilisers as the AD outputs.

Item Type: Article
Identifier: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2023.119458
Keywords: Biogas generation, Municipal organic waste, Sustainability aspects, UN goals and targets
Subjects: Medicine and health
Depositing User: Kourosh Behzadian
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2023 14:05
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2024 16:17
URI: https://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10542


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