Impact of water and sanitation services on cholera outbreaks in sub-Saharan Africa

Girotto, Cristiane D., Behzadian Moghadam, Kourosh ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1459-8408, Musah, Anwar, Chen, Albert S., Ali, Aniq and Campos, Luiza C. (2021) Impact of water and sanitation services on cholera outbreaks in sub-Saharan Africa. In: The virtual conference of AQUA≈360: Water for All - Emerging Issues and Innovations, 31 Aug-2 Sep 2021, Exeter, United Kingdom. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

While most parts of the world seem to have controlled cholera, the sub-Saharan African region is still suffering with the cholera outbreaks and struggling to restrain its incidence. Recent research attributes eighty three percent of cholera deaths between 2000 and 2015 to the sub-Saharan region. Poor water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services can be among the main risk factors contributing to the public health burden of cholera. Humans living in close proximity to one another in environments with poor hygiene conditions and little access to clean water is an explanation for how cholera takes root in non-coastal areas. The combination of these factors with the vulnerability of surface and groundwater resources to faecal contamination can favour onset and propagation of outbreaks. This study investigated the correlation between cholera rates per population and lack of basic services of drinking water and sanitation in the sub-Saharan African countries, where incident cases of cholera have been regularly reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1991.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: The study is a part of the OVERCOME (digital innOVation in climatE hazaRd early warning and related disease prevention for COMmunity capacity building and rEsilience) project, funded by the UKRI GCRF Digital Innovation for Development in Africa (DIDA) programme (EP/T030089/1).
Keywords: cholera outbreak; correlation; risk factors; sub-Saharan Africa; WASH
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Civil and environmental engineering
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Kourosh Behzadian Moghadam
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2022 11:16
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2022 11:29
URI: https://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/8502

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