Designing a wind energy harvester for connected vehicles in green cities

Khan, Zuhaib Ashfaq, Sherazi, Hafiz Husnain Raza, Ali, Mubashir, Imran, Muhammad Ali, Rehman, Ikram ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0115-9024 and Chakrabarti, Prasun (2021) Designing a wind energy harvester for connected vehicles in green cities. Energies, 14 (17). p. 5408.

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Abstract

Electric vehicles (EVs) have recently gained momentum as an integral part of the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) when authorities started expanding their low emission zones (LEZs) in an effort to build green cities with low carbon footprints. Energy is one of the key requirements of EVs, not only to support the smooth and sustainable operation of EVs, but also to ensure connectivity between the vehicle and the infrastructure in the critical times such as disaster recovery operation. In this context, renewable energy sources (such as wind energy) have an important role to play in the automobile sector towards designing energy-harvesting electric vehicles (EH-EV) to mitigate energy reliance on the national grid. In this article, a novel approach is presented to harness energy from a small-scale wind turbine due to vehicle mobility to support the communication primitives in electric vehicles which enable plenty of IoV use cases. The harvested power is then processed through a regulation circuitry to consequently achieve the desired power supply for the end load (i.e., battery or super capacitor). The suitable orientation for optimum conversion efficiency is proposed through ANSYS-based aerodynamics analysis. The voltage-induced by the DC generator is 35 V under the no-load condition while it is 25 V at a rated current of 6.9 A at full-load, yielding a supply of 100 W (on constant voltage) at a speed of 90 mph for nominal battery charging.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Energies 2021, 14, 5408. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14175408 This research was partly funded by EPSRC Global Challenges Research Fund–the DARE project–EP/P028764/1.
Uncontrolled Keywords: energy harvesting; power management; connected vehicles; wind energy harvester; smart cities; electric vehicle; IoT; Tesla; autonomous sensors
Subjects: Computing > Intelligent systems
Computing > Software engineering
Computing
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Hafiz Husnain Raza Sherazi
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2021 13:16
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2021 13:16
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/8214

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