How ‘over-tourism’ has impacted the host destinations environment, culture and economy and developing a model, with global applications, to manage these challenges

Bolton, Karl (2020) How ‘over-tourism’ has impacted the host destinations environment, culture and economy and developing a model, with global applications, to manage these challenges. In: CHME 2021, 13-14 May 2021, Sheffield. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

International tourism has grown from 200 million tourists in the 1960’s to 1.4 billion in 2018 (UNWTO 2019). As Sezgin and Yolal (2012) highlight, this growth has been stimulated by package beach, cruise, ski and cultural tour holidays. Also, new source tourist markets, such as China, which now accounts for 12% of tourist arrivals to Europe, has additionally driven this growth. This development can affect the host destination and its natural environment, culture and economy, subsequently influencing resident attitudes towards tourists. For example, the Thailand government stopped holidaymakers visiting the beach at Maya Bay, the location for the film ‘The Beach’, due to 2.5 million annual visitors affecting its natural habitat (Associated Press 2018).

Infrastructures are also placed under strain resulting in locals being excluded from using facilities, as is the case in Mexico’s Cancun resort where locals are prohibited from using the hotels beaches (Martínez et al 2013). This paper sets out the case for further research on the environmental, cultural and economic impacts of over-tourism, which is defined as ‘The impact of tourism on a destination that influences perceived quality of life of citizens and/or quality of visitors experiences in a negative way’ by UNWTO (2019) and identifies further research to establish a Capacity Management Model to manage this.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Hospitality and tourism > Tourism > Tourism management
Hospitality and tourism
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Karl Bolton
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2021 12:05
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 07:15
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/7833

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