Displacement monitoring in airport runways by persistent scatterers SAR interferometry

Bianchini Ciampoli, Luca, Gagliardi, Valerio, Ferrante, Chiara, Calvi, Alessandro, D'Amico, Fabrizio and Tosti, Fabio ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0291-9937 (2020) Displacement monitoring in airport runways by persistent scatterers SAR interferometry. Remote Sensing, 12 (21). p. 3564.

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Abstract

Deformations monitoring in airport runways and the surrounding areas is crucial, especially in case of low-bearing capacity subgrades, such as the clayey subgrade soils. An effective monitoring of the infrastructure asset allows to secure the highest necessary standards in terms of the operational and safety requirements. Amongst the emerging remote sensing techniques for transport infrastructures monitoring, the Persistent Scatterers Interferometry (PSI) technique has proven effective for the evaluation of the ground deformations. However, its use for certain demanding applications, such a as the assessment of millimetric differential deformations in airport runways, is still considered as an open issue for future developments. In this study, a time-series analysis of COSMO-SkyMed satellite images acquired from January 2015 to April 2019 is carried out by employing the PSI technique. The aim is to retrieve the mean deformation velocity and time series of the surface deformations occurring in airport runways. The technique is applied to Runway 3 at the “Leonardo da Vinci” International Airport in Rome, Italy. The proposed PSI technique is then validated by way of comparison with the deformation outcomes obtained on the runway by traditional topographic levelling over the same time span. The results of this study clearly demonstrate the efficiency and the accuracy of the applied PSI technique for the assessment of deformations in airport runways.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: MOBI: Monitoring Bridges and Infrastructure Networks” (EOhops proposal 2045 (id 52479)) This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends in GPR and Other NDTs for Transport Infrastructure Assessment)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar, InSAR, Permanent Scatterers, PS-InSAR, Transport Infrastructure Maintenance; Airport runway; Airport monitoring
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Civil and environmental engineering
Construction and engineering > Digital signal processing
Construction and engineering > Electrical and electronic engineering
Construction and engineering > Civil and structural engineering
Construction and engineering
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Depositing User: Fabio Tosti
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2020 21:17
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2020 11:32
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/7438

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