GPR and microwave tomography for the assessment of hollowed tree trunks

Tosti, Fabio ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0291-9937, Soldovieri, Francesco, Catapano, Ilaria, Giannakis, Iraklis, Gennarelli, Gianluca, Lantini, Livia ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0416-1077, Ludeno, Giovanni and Alani, Amir (2020) GPR and microwave tomography for the assessment of hollowed tree trunks. In: EGU General Assembly 2020, 03 - 08 May 2020, Vienna, Austria. (In Press)

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Abstract

The danger related to the structural stability of hollowed trees is a matter of wide discussion among the scientific community. Hollow cores in trees can extend to more than 50% of the total diameter [1] and, while the presence of a hollow tree might appear dramatic in terms of public safety, it is not always a cause of concern. It is known that hollow trees can form in many years or even decades [2] and, although the heartwood is effectively dead, the tree can continue to form sapwood on the exterior of the trunk to create a cylinder. However, robustness and structural support provided by this cylinder to the trunk and canopy above depend on the ratio of healthy to diseased tissue. In this context, Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) has proven to be an effective non-invasive tool, capable of generating information about the inner structure of tree trunks in terms of existence, location, and geometry of defects [3], [4]. Nevertheless, it had been observed that the currently available and known GPR-related processing and data interpretation methods and tools are able to provide only limited information on the tree inner structure. In this study, we present a microwave tomographic approach for improved GPR data processing with the aim of detecting and characterising the geometry of hollowed trees. Tests were performed at Gunnesbury Park, London, UK. In particular, a number of 15 circular measurements were collected around the tree using the Aladdin 2 GHz hand-held antenna system manufactured by IDS GeoRadar (Part of Hexagon), covering a height of 140 cm. The tree was eventually felled and three sections were cut for validation purposes. Results presented in this abstract are part of a major research project that the authors have undertaken for the last three years.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Identifier: 10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-20841
Additional Information: The authors would like to express their sincere thanks and gratitude to the following trusts, charities, organisations and individuals for their generosity in supporting this project: Lord Faringdon Charitable Trust, The Schroder Foundation, Cazenove Charitable Trust, Ernest Cook Trust, Sir Henry Keswick, Ian Bond, P.F. Charitable Trust, Prospect Investment Management Limited, The Adrian Swire Charitable Trust, The John Swire 1989 Charitable Trust, The Sackler Trust, The Tanlaw Foundation, and The Wyfold Charitable Trust. This paper is dedicated to the memory of our colleague and friend Jonathan West, one of the original supporters of this research project.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), Microwave Tomography, Tree Health Assessment, Hollowed Tree Trunks
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Civil and environmental engineering
Construction and engineering > Digital signal processing
Construction and engineering > Electrical and electronic engineering
Construction and engineering
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Livia Lantini
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2020 19:04
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2020 09:35
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6741

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