What's in a name? Cultural observations on nationally named hacking groups

Sample, Char, Bakdash, Jonathan, Abdelnour-Nocera, Jose and Maple, Carsten (2017) What's in a name? Cultural observations on nationally named hacking groups. In: 12th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2017), 2-3 Mar 2017, Dayton, USA.

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Abstract

Culture's role in cognition has long been established, but understanding national culture's role in cyber events currently remains an understudied research area. Michael Minkov observed that culture influences thought; even when people think they are in control, cultural biases are actually controlling their thoughts. Cultural values endure, and because they do, these cultural values leave artifacts can be revealed in thought patterns. This philosophy serves as a foundation for further work in progress on name choices by hackers. In this study, we examined 10 years' worth of Zone-H archives where hacker names that identified with national identities were analysed using Hofstede's cultural framework to determine whether culture may play a role in hacker name and name choices. The findings revealed cultural preferences in several of the six cultural dimensions. In addition, trending the results showed significant findings in two cultural dimensions: (1) masculinity versus femininity and (2) uncertainty avoidance. The results suggest that assumptions about the anonymous nature of the Internet influencing behaviours may not be universally applicable, and that culture should also be considered when evaluating cyber actor behaviours.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
ISSN: 2048-9889
ISBN: 9781911218265
Page Range: pp. 332-340
Additional Information: © The Authors 2017. All Rights Reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hofstede, culture, online names, cultural dimensions
Subjects: Computing > Information security > Cyber security
Computing > Information security
Computing
Depositing User: Jose Abdelnour-Nocera
Date Deposited: 23 May 2017 12:45
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2017 10:58
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/3350

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