Effect of temperature and acidity of sulphuric acid on concrete properties

Mahmoodian, Mojtaba and Alani, Amir (2017) Effect of temperature and acidity of sulphuric acid on concrete properties. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 29 (10). ISSN 0899-1561

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Abstract

Concrete corrosion caused by sulphuric acid attack is a known phenomenon in sewer systems, resulting in significant economic losses and environmental problems. However, there is a scarcity of reported laboratory simulations and experimental work investigating the contributing factors controlling the corrosion. In this EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, UK) funded investigation the effect of temperature and the acidity of sulphuric acid solution on concrete specimens extracted from brand new concrete sewers has been investigated. In this investigation the concrete samples are submerged in three sulphuric acid solutions (pH = 0.5, 1 and 2) for 91 days under different temperatures (10ºC, 20ºC and 30ºC). Mass loss and compressive strength of the concrete specimens were tested and recorded at 7, 14, 28, 42, 56 and 91 days providing interesting data for visualising the changes taking place in the concrete samples (change in properties) during the time of immersion. The results revealed that samples overall mass increased at the early stages of the corrosion process. It also was observed that the overall mass of the samples decreased significantly at the later stages of the testing process with respect to the acidity of the solutions used.
Although the change in temperature did not have a significant effect on the compressive strength of the tested samples, rise in temperature however, had considerable effect on the mass loss of the concrete samples which were immersed in the most aggressive solution (i.e., pH=0.5 and temperature = 30oC) at 91 days. This research clearly demonstrated a high correlation between the acidity of the solution and the rate of corrosion with respect to time.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2017 American Society of Civil Engineers
Uncontrolled Keywords: Concrete corrosion, sulphuric acid attack, corrosion rate, mass loss, compressive strength
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Civil and environmental engineering
Construction and engineering > Civil and structural engineering
Construction and engineering
Depositing User: Amir Alani
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2017 14:35
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2017 15:10
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/3233

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