Applying the Cry of Pain Model as a predictor of deliberate self-harm in an early-stage adult male prison population

Slade, Karen, Edelmann, Robert, Bray, Diane and Worrell, Marcia (2014) Applying the Cry of Pain Model as a predictor of deliberate self-harm in an early-stage adult male prison population. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 19 (1). pp. 131-146. ISSN 1355-3259

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Abstract

Purpose
Deliberate self-harming behaviour is more prevalent within the prison environment than in community samples, with those in the first weeks of imprisonment at greatest risk. Research in this area has been largely atheoretical and a unifying model may improve the predictability of assessment and the development of intervention approaches. This study applied William and Pollock's (2001) Cry of Pain model as the theoretical process of deliberate self-harm in the early stages of imprisonment.

Methods
A prospective study of new arrivals at an adult male prison. Participants (n = 181) completed questionnaires and it was hypothesized that the factors derived from the model (perceived stress, defeat, entrapment, and absence of rescue factors) would be predictive of future deliberate self-harm. Prisoners with active psychosis and non-English speakers were excluded. All participants were followed up for 4 months for instances of self-harm. Eighteen participants engaged in self-harm during this period.

Results
The Cry of Pain model was supported in the analysis. Hierarchical binary logistic regression confirmed that all features of the model were supported as predictive of future self-harm in prison, even after controlling for previous self-harm, depression, and hopelessness.

Conclusion
The Cry of Pain model is supported as a predictive model for deliberate self-harm in prison. Suggestions are offered as to the impact on assessment and intervention directions in prison.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2012 The British Psychological Society. This is the accepted version of the following article: Slade, K., Edelmann, R., Worrall, M. and Bray, D. (2014), Applying the Cry of Pain Model as a predictor of deliberate self-harm in an early-stage adult male prison population. Leg Crim Psychol, 19: 131–146, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8333.2012.02065.x.
Subjects: Psychology
Depositing User: Marcia Worrell
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2016 13:29
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2017 12:37
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/2634

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