Monitoring of bridges by satellite remote sensing using multi-source and multi-resolution data integration techniques: a case study of the Rochester bridge

Gagliardi, Valerio, Bianchini Ciampoli, Luca, D'Amico, Fabrizio, Battagliere, Maria Libera, Threader, Sue, Alani, Amir, Benedetto, Andrea and Tosti, Fabio ORCID: (2022) Monitoring of bridges by satellite remote sensing using multi-source and multi-resolution data integration techniques: a case study of the Rochester bridge. In: EGU General Assembly 2022, 23-27 May 2022, Vienna, Austria.

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Monitoring of bridges and viaducts has become a priority for asset owners due to progressive infrastructure ageing and its impact on safety and management costs. Advancement in data processing and interpretation methods and the accessibility of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) datasets from different satellite missions have contributed to raise interest for use of near-real time bridge assessment methods. In this context, the Multi-temporal Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (MT-InSAR) space-borne monitoring technique has proven to be effective for detection of cumulative surface displacements with a millimetre accuracy [1-3].
This research aims to investigate the viability of using satellite remote sensing for structural assessment of the Rochester Bridge in Rochester, Kent, UK. To this purpose, high-resolution SAR datasets are used as the reference information and complemented by additional data from
different sensing technologies (e.g., medium-resolution SAR datasets and ground-based (GB) nondestructive testing (NDT)). In detail, high-resolution SAR products of the COSMO-SkyMed (CSK) mission (2017-2019) provided by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) in the framework of the Project
“Motib - ID 742”, approved by ASI, are processed using a MT-InSAR approach.
The method allowed to identify several Persistent Scatterers (PSs) – which have been associated to different structural elements (e.g., the bridges piers) over the four main bridge decks – and monitor bridge displacements during the observation time. The outcomes of this study demonstrate that information from the use of high-resolution InSAR data can be successfully integrated to datasets of different resolution, scale and source technology. Compared to standalone technologies, a main advantage of the proposed approach is in the provision of a fully comprehensive
(i.e., surface and subsurface) and dense array of information with a larger spatial coverage and a higher time acquisition frequency. This results in a more effective identification and monitoring of decays at reduced costs, paving the way for implementation into next generation Bridge Management Systems (BMSs).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Identifier: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-2341
Identifier: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-2341
Additional Information: How to cite: Gagliardi, V., Bianchini Ciampoli, L., D’Amico, F., Battagliere, M. L., Threader, S., Alani, A. M., Benedetto, A., and Tosti, F.: Monitoring of Bridges by Satellite Remote Sensing Using Multi-Source and Multi-Resolution Data Integration Techniques: a Case Study of the Rochester Bridge, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-2341,, 2022.
Keywords: Bridge Monitoring; Satellite Remote Sensing; Multi-Resolution Data; Multi-Source Data; Data Integration
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Aerospace engineering
Construction and engineering > Digital signal processing
Construction and engineering > Electrical and electronic engineering
Construction and engineering > Civil and structural engineering
Construction and engineering
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Depositing User: Fabio Tosti
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2022 12:23
Last Modified: 30 May 2022 14:25


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