Variations of brain functional connectivity in alcohol-preferring and non-preferring rats with consecutive alcohol training or acute alcohol administration

Liu, Yue, Nie, Binbin, Liu, Taotao, Zheng, Ning, Liu, Zeyuan, Shan, Baoci, Jiang, Lihong, Manyande, Anne ORCID:, Li, Xihai, Xu, Fuqiang and Wang, Jie (2021) Variations of brain functional connectivity in alcohol-preferring and non-preferring rats with consecutive alcohol training or acute alcohol administration. Brain Sciences, 11 (11). p. 1474.

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Alcohol addiction is regarded as a series of dynamic changes to neural circuitries. A comparison of the global network during different stages of alcohol addiction could provide an efficient way to understand the neurobiological basis of addiction. Two animal models (P-rats screened from an alcohol preference family, and NP-rats screened from an alcohol non-preference family) were trained for alcohol preference with a two-bottle free choice method for 4 weeks. To examine the changes in the neural response to alcohol during the development of alcohol preference and acute stimulation, different trials were studied with resting-state fMRI methods during different periods of alcohol preference. The correlation coefficients of 28 regions in the whole brain were calculated, and the results were compared for alcohol preference related to the genetic background/training association. The variety of coherence patterns was highly related to the state and development of alcohol preference. We observed significant special brain connectivity changes during alcohol preference in P-rats. The comparison between the P- and NP-rats highlighted the role of genetic background in alcohol preference. The results of this study support the alterations of the neural network connection during the formation of alcohol preference and confirm that alcohol preference is highly related to the genetic background. This study could provide an effective approach for understanding the neurobiological basis of alcohol addiction.

Item Type: Article
Identifier: 10.3390/brainsci11111474
Keywords: alcohol-preferring rats; fMRI; genetic background; functional connectivity; resting state
Subjects: Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Anne Manyande
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2021 13:27
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2024 16:08


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