Globalisation and world tourism cities

Morrison, A.M. and Maxim, Cristina ORCID: (2021) Globalisation and world tourism cities. In: World tourism cities: a systematic approach to urban tourism. Routledge, Taylor and Francis, pp. 29-58. ISBN 9780367629120

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Chapter 2 Globalisation and world tourism cities.pdf - Accepted Version

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This second introductory chapter highlights how the process of globalisation affects cities, tourism in general, and world tourism cities in particular. Three initial dimensions of globalisation are identified and ways to measure them are examined (economic, political, and social). Later, three other factors in the PESTEL model are added and discussed (technological, environmental and legal/regulatory), and the impacts on city residents and visitors are considered as well.
The glocalisation concept is discussed as is how cities and tourism companies have adapted global concepts and ideas to better fit local circumstances. The merging of globalisation and localisation in tourism is illustrated through several good examples.
The connection of globalisation and world tourism cities is reviewed with respect to the gateway, influential, impactful, cosmopolitan, and recognised features. This is followed by a detailed discussion of six dimensions of globalisation, and the effects on city residents and visitors.
The chapter closes by deriving a summary from previous materials of the advantages and disadvantages of globalisation for tourism and world tourism cities across eight dimensions and perspectives (PESTEL-RV).

Item Type: Book Section
Identifier: 10.4324/9781003111412-3
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge/CRC Press in World tourism cities: a systematic approach to urban tourism on 8 Nov 2021, available online: or
Keywords: Agglomeration; authenticity; climate change; cultural homogenisation; economic globalisation; globalisation; glocalisation; KOF Globalisation Index (KOFGI); multinationals; neoliberalism; political globalisation; social globalisation
Subjects: Hospitality and tourism > Tourism
Hospitality and tourism > Tourism > Tourism development
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Cristina Maxim
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2021 09:13
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2023 02:45


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