A lightweight blockchain based two factor authentication mechanism for LoRaWAN join procedure

Muhammad Danish, Syed, Lestas, Marios, Asif, Waqar ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6774-3050, Khaliq Qureshi, Hassaan and Rajarajan, Muttukrishnan (2019) A lightweight blockchain based two factor authentication mechanism for LoRaWAN join procedure. In: 2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC Workshops), 20-24 May 2019, Shanghai, China.

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Recently, there has been increasing interest in employing blockchain in different applications, other than crypto-currencies. Blockchains allow a peer to peer distributed network where different nodes communicate with each other, in a trustless manner. Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) is an Internet of Things (IoT) technology, which enables long range communication. Although LoRaWAN networks are secure, the LoRaWAN join procedure is susceptible to replay and jamming attacks. Moreover, trust between network server and LoRa end device is the basic foundation of LoRaWAN network however, the centralized nature of network servers raise trust issues between network operators and customers. To solve this problem, we propose a lightweight two factor authentication mechanism for LoRaWAN join procedure, based on blockchain technology. The proposed blockchain based framework provides an extra layer of security for LoRaWAN join procedure and build trust among LoRaWAN network components. The proposed framework is validated using the Ethereum blockchain. The results demonstrate that the proposed framework provides efficient system performance in terms of throughput and latency. The proposed blockchain architecture is a cost effective solution, which can be utilized in the LoRaWAN network with few network servers and LoRa end device, having no strict requirement of throughput and latency.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
ISSN: 2474-9133
ISBN: 9781728123738
Identifier: 10.1109/ICCW.2019.8756673
Identifier: 10.1109/ICCW.2019.8756673
Additional Information: © 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Keywords: authorisation, computer network security, cryptography, Internet of Things, jamming, network servers, peer-to-peer computing, wide area networks
Subjects: Computing
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Waqar Asif
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2020 01:00
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 07:14
URI: https://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/7505


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