Mechanical properties and air permeability of concrete containing waste tires extracts

Shaaban, Ibrahim ORCID:, Rizzuto, Joseph, El-Nemr, Amr, Bohan, Lin, Ahmed, Hatem and Tindyebwa, Hannington (2021) Mechanical properties and air permeability of concrete containing waste tires extracts. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 33 (2). 04020472. ISSN 0899-1561

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The safe disposal of waste tires has been seen as having a negative impact on the environment. To mitigate this impact, the components of waste tires can be used in the production of green concrete. This study explores the effects of the curing and drying regime on the mechanical properties and permeation characteristics of concrete containing both crumbed rubber and steel fibers that are removed from waste tires. Five concrete mixes were designed, and concrete cubes, cylinders, and prisms were cast using waste tires extracts. Crumb rubber was treated by submersion in sodium hydroxide and then used to partially replace 10% and 30% of fine aggregates in the concrete mix. Extracted steel fibers were added at the rate of 1% and 2% per volume of each mix. Compressive and indirect splitting tensile as well as flexural strengths were conducted after normal curing while observing several drying conditions. Additionally, air permeability was assessed using a portable apparatus that was developed to assess permeability easily. For the concrete test specimens containing 10% partial replacement of fine aggregate by crumb rubber and 1% steel fibers, it was discovered that the splitting tensile strength and flexural strength were higher than that of the control mix by 21% and 22.6%, respectively. For specimens that included the 10% crumb rubber and 1% steel fibers, when exposed to oven drying at 105°C for 12 h, the compressive strength results increased by 17% compared with the control specimens exposed to the same conditions. Unlike the compressive strength results, the splitting tensile and flexural strength results decreased after exposing the specimens to elevated temperature. The addition of crumb rubber and steel fibers as a partial fine-aggregate replacement resulted in increasing the air permeability of the concrete to different degrees depending on the percentages used. The oven-drying curing regime improved the permeability by reducing it in specimens containing the 10% crumb rubber and 1% steel fibers as indicated by increasing their permeability time index by 15% when compared with air-dried specimens. Using waste tire extracts as a partial replacement of concrete fine aggregate can be recommended for both indoor and outdoor applications. This study showed that this was a viable, economic, and environmentally friendly method for reducing carbon footprint.

Item Type: Article
Identifier: 10.1061/(asce)mt.1943-5533.0003588
Additional Information: © 2020 American Society of Civil Engineers. This material may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the American Society of Civil Engineers. This material may be found at
Keywords: concrete; waste tyres; steel fibres; mechanical properties; air permeability
Subjects: Construction and engineering
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jisc Router
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2020 14:49
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2024 16:04


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