Reliability assessment for hybrid systems of advanced treatment units of industrial wastewater reuse using combined event tree and fuzzy fault tree analyses

Piadeha, Farzad, Ahmadi, Mohsen and Behzadian Moghadam, Kourosh ORCID: 0000-0002-1459-8408 (2018) Reliability assessment for hybrid systems of advanced treatment units of industrial wastewater reuse using combined event tree and fuzzy fault tree analyses. Journal of Cleaner Production, 201. ISSN 0959-6526

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Abstract

Advanced treatment units (ATUs) are highly recommended for industrial wastewater reuse in the developing countries especially in arid and semi-arid areas. Reliability of a hybrid treatment system comprised of a number of individual ATUs remains blur due to lack of conceptual framework, collected data or experience in failure performance analsis of these treatment systems. This paper presents a new methodological framework for assessing reliability of hybrid system alternatives in industrial wastewater treatment by using combined event tree analysis (ETA) and fault tree analysis (FTA). The framework comprises three major steps: (1) identification of feasible alternatives; (2) reliability analysis assessment using combined FTA and ETA with fuzzy logic techniques to calculate first failure probability of individual ATUs and then reliability of each hybrid system alternative; (3) prioritisation of alternatives. Failure probability rate of events in FTA is determined by experts’ judgement. The suggested framework is demonstrated through its application to a real case study of wastewater treatment plants of industrial parks in Iran. The results show the highest failure probabilities are reverse osmosis unit with 30% and ozonation unit with 24%, while coagulation and flotation unit has the lowest failure probability of 5.4%. The most reliable alternative of hybrid system is comprised of sand filter + activated carbon + micro filter + ultra-filter + ion exchange with 74.82% reliability. Results in this study also show that selecting ATUs with higher removal efficiencies or rate of acceptable scenarios to form a hybrid ATU system cannot necessarily lead to a more reliable hybrid system without performing suggested FTA and ETA in this paper.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Civil and environmental engineering
Depositing User: Kourosh Behzadian Moghadam
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2018 15:16
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2018 14:27
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/5335

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