Evaluation of the impact of pavement degradation on driving comfort and safety using a dynamic simulation model

D'Amico, Fabrizio, Calvi, Alessandro, Bianchini Ciampoli, Luca, Tosti, Fabio ORCID: 0000-0003-0291-9937 and Brancadoro, Maria Giulia (2018) Evaluation of the impact of pavement degradation on driving comfort and safety using a dynamic simulation model. Advances in Transportation Studies, 1 (SI). pp. 109-120. ISSN 1824-5463

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Abstract

The dynamic effects exerted by the vehicles on the road pavement have been thoroughly investigated over years. The main reason for this investigation is the major influence on the propagation and worsening of the pavement damages exerted by the dynamic loads rather than the static ones. To date, the modelling theories of systems have evolved, along with the computational capability of the modern calculators. To this effect, three-dimensional simulations of the tire-surface interaction are commonly used. These simulations take into account the dynamics of the load and the consequent deformation of the pavement.
However, previous studies aimed at analyzing the above interaction for the optimisation strategies of the maintenance activities within the context of effective road asset management. On the contrary, this work focuses on the safety-related issues linked with the dynamic effects suffered by the vehicle, when passing on different road defects. The goal of this study is to analyse numerically the kinematic and the dynamic effects of the pavement degradations (and in particular rutting) on the driving safety.
The simulation of the main characteristics and the evolution of the pavement damages over the time (e.g., the simulation of the tire-pavement contacts and the dynamic response on the vehicles) is a useful method for the development of safe and comprehensive rehabilitation programs. These are of paramount importance to limit the accident rates. The effects on the driving safety was analysed using a simulation model for the vehicles behaviour in the case of damaged pavements. Different road geometries and vehicle types were considered to evaluate the rutting effects on safety, as a function of the evolution stage of this type of pavement damage. In more detail, the performance characteristics of the vehicles, the dynamic and kinematic parameters (e.g., the vehicle trajectory and the vertical acceleration), were collected for pavement conditions with progressively high levels of rutting.
The study proposes a theoretical model of qualitative relationships between differing stages and location of rutting, and the consequent effects on driving safety for different types of vehicles (passenger cars and powered two wheelers). It is worth to emphasize the relevance of this research for maintenance prioritization purposes at the road network level. Priority is based on the level of risk associated with the pavement degradations and with different types of vehicle.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vehicle behaviour, kinematic and dynamic effects, pavement damages, maintenance system
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Civil and environmental engineering
Computing > Software engineering
Construction and engineering > Civil and structural engineering
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Fabio Tosti
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2018 10:07
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2018 11:34
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/5313

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